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Rodriguez, A., Garcia-Esteban, R., Basterretxea, M., Lertxundi, A., Rodriguez-Bernal, C., Iniguez, C., Rodriguez-Dehli, C., Tardon, A., Espada, M., Sunyer, J., Morales, E.

Associations of maternal circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 concentration with pregnancy and birth outcomes

BJOG., 2015, 122, 12, 1695, 704, IF: 3.862, PMID: 25208685

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of maternal circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] concentration with pregnancy and birth outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Four geographical areas of Spain, 2003-2008. POPULATION: Of 2382 mother-child pairs participating in the INfancia y Medio Ambiente (INMA) Project. METHODS: Maternal circulating 25(OH)D3 concentration was measured in pregnancy (mean [SD] 13.5 [2.2] weeks of gestation). We tested associations of maternal 25(OH)D3 concentration with pregnancy and birth outcomes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preterm delivery, caesarean section, fetal growth restriction (FGR) and small-for-gestational age (SGA), anthropometric birth outcomes including weight, length and head circumference (HC). RESULTS: Overall, 31.8% and 19.7% of women had vitamin D insufficiency [25(OH)D3 20-29.99 ng/ml] and deficiency [25(OH)D3 < 20 ng/ml], respectively. After adjustment, there was no association between maternal 25(OH)D3 concentration and risk of GDM or preterm delivery. Women with sufficient vitamin D [25(OH)D3 >/= 30 ng/ml] had a decreased risk of caesarean section by obstructed labour compared with women with vitamin D deficiency [relative risk (RR) = 0.60, 95% CI 0.37, 0.97). Offspring of mothers with higher circulating 25(OH)D3 concentration tended to have smaller HC [coefficient (SE) per doubling concentration of 25(OH)D3, -0.10 (0.05), P = 0.038]. No significant associations were found for other birth outcomes. CONCLUSION: This study did not find any evidence of an association between vitamin D status in pregnancy and GDM, preterm delivery, FGR, SGA and anthropometric birth outcomes. Results suggest that sufficient circulating vitamin D concentration [25(OH)D3 >/= 30 ng/ml] in pregnancy may reduce the risk of caesarean section by obstructed labour


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