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Global Health Lecture: 4th

Is There a Risk of Reintroducing P. Vivax Malaria in Europe?

Wednesday, May 7th, 2014

Global Health Lecture: 4th

Plasmodium vivaxwas endemic in temperate areas in historic times up to the middle of last century. P. vivax is seen in two distinc forms, temperate climateP.vivaxand tropicalP. vivax. Temperate climateP.vivaxhas a long incubation time of up to 8 to 10 months, which partly explain how it can be endemic in temperate areas with a cold winter.P. vivaxdisappeared from Europe within the last 40 to 60 years, and this change was not related to climatic changes.

The surge ofP. vivaxin Northern Europe after the second world war was related to displacement of refugees and large movement of military personnel exposed to malaria. LatelyP. vivaxhas been seen along the demilitarized zone in South Korea replication a high endemicity in North Korea. The potential of transmission ofP. vivaxstill exist in temperate zones, but reintroduction in a larger scale ofP. vivaxto areas without present transmission require large population movements ofP. vivaxinfected people.

The recent outbreak in Greece illustrate thatP. vivaxcan be reintroduced by migrant workers fromP. vivaxendemic areas, but that proper management like active case detection and treatment will contain such an outbreak.  

This conference will be given byEskild Petersen, from the Department of Infectious Diseases (Associate Professor, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Aarhus University).

Eskild Petersen is an specialist in infectious diseases and tropical medicine. His special interests  for many years have been malaria and toxoplasmosis, two global protozoan infections. In toxoplasmosis his research has focused on neonatal screening and vaccines. He has lately developed research projects within severe and complicated bacterial infections, being responsible for adults with cystsic fibrosis and endocarditis in collaboration with cardiologists. Eskild has published more than 200 papers in peer reviewed journals and is the editor of the book 'Infectious Diseases: A geographic guide' (Wiley 2011). Eskild is co-editor for parasitic diseases of ProMED, and editor-in-chief of the International journal of Infectious Diseases.


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